M81, NGC 3031, Bode's Galaxy
Credit: Hubble data: NASA, ESA, and A. Zezas
(Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics)
GALEX data: NASA, JPL-Caltech,
GALEX Team, J. Huchra et al.
(Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics)
Spitzer data: NASA/JPL/Caltech/S. Willner
(Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics)
"From the smallest particle to the largest galactic formation,
a web of electrical circuitry connects and unifies all of nature,
organizing galaxies, energizing stars, giving birth to planets and,
on our own world, controlling weather and animating biological organisms.
There are no isolated islands in an electric universe."
"Today, nothing is more important to the future and credibility
of science than liberation from the gravity-driven universe of prior theory.
A mistaken supposition has not only prevented intelligent and sincere
investigators from seeing what would otherwise be obvious, it has bred
indifference to possibilities that could have inspired the sciences for
David Talbott and Wallace Thornhill - Thunderbolts of the Gods
"If I have had an underlying purpose in my life it has been to
watch for intellectual explorers who have been marginalised by their
peers. They are often those who have the audacity to use their imagination,
uncommon-sense and courage to challenge the paradigm paralysis institutionalised
in western science.
It is a truism that breakthroughs often lie unrecognised for decades.
"I'll see it when I believe it" could be the catch-cry for much
of science. After the slow path to acceptance of each great new idea, it always
seems so obvious in retrospect. We teach children in grade school ideas that
defeated the greatest intellects for centuries. That being so, we must not let
the reputation of even an Einstein stand in our way when seeking better paradigms.
We must simply allow for the possibility that he was wrong, recognising that
science is a highly conservative captive of fashion.
The Electric Universe opens up science again to the individual. Science
will blossom in the new millenium as a cultural activity more integrated
with history, the arts and the human condition."
"A revolution is beginning in astronomy and cosmology that
will rival the one set off by Copernicus and Galileo. The stream of
increasingly bizarre pronouncements coming from astronomers and
cosmologists has recently encountered a serious challenge. This
challenge is led by a cadre of scientists and engineers, several
of whom were Nobel Prize winning pioneers. They are offering simpler,
verifiable explanations about the makeup and functioning of the cosmos.
Their new ideas, in more ways than one, are electrifying the discourse
The defenders of the present cosmological realm are resisting
this intrusion into their once exclusive domain. But on-going
discoveries about how electric plasma behaves in space are
relentlessly forcing dramatic changes in the way we view the
universe. The discipline of electric plasma physics - which until
lately has been outside the realm of astronomy - is quickly displacing
many of the outmoded theories of traditional cosmology and astrophysics.
We now know that cosmic space is full of electricity (electric plasma)
and over the last several decades the study of this form of matter has
developed into an established body of scientific knowledge."
"Scientists driving the development of plasma models of the
universe tend to be electrical engineers or plasma physicists, instead
of astrophysicists and mathematicians who dominate cosmology today. For
electrical engineers, plasmas are eminently practical. They already are
in widespread use for industrial applications. They can be thoroughly
studied experimentally, and they exhibit similar behaviours over a wide
range of size scales. Thus the equations for controlling a plasma stream
etching a silicon chip that will become a computer microprocessor are
basically the same equations that govern the movement of the aurora or
solar wind, or, they say, a galaxy.
With apparent inevitability, an increasing number of electrical
engineers have extended their plasma interests beyond Earth, into such
realms as interplanetary "space weather" and plasma laboratory
astrophysics. Their fundamental view on cosmology is that electromagnetic
forces sculpt the broad outlines of the universe; gravitational forces
shape the details only after electromagnetic forces have first drawn the
diffuse matter close enough together for gravity to become significant.
The plasma modelers readily admit that they offer no proposal about
the universe's origin and age. That issue, as well as the size of the
universe, lies beyond their horizons of experimentation and simulation.
Nonetheless, at the beginning of the twenty first century, electrical
engineers are marshaling a growing body of evidence that points to the
necessity of integrating plasmas into the core of cosmological thinking."
"This is a Wiki about the Plasma Universe, a model
of the universe in which electromagnetic forces dominate
since 99.999% of the universe is plasma (charged particles).
Although the equal numbers of charged particles tend to cancel,
the tendency results in "quasi-neutrality", and charge separation
A consequence of the Plasma Universe is that it does not
require esoteric physics, such as black holes, dark matter and
Although the Plasma Universe is not as well developed as
"Standard cosmology", the plasma physics behind it,
is. While much of the Plasma Universe is peer reviewed, it has
been subjected to much pseudoskepticism."
"This web site aims to provide an introduction to the emerging
Plasma Universe paradigm, and to explore some of the many profound
Mainstream science, for the most part, looks on the universe
as electrically neutral and purely mechanical; a place where the
weak force of gravity holds fort. Plasma Cosmology, by contrast,
acknowledges the electrodynamic nature of the universe. Gravity
and inertia are NOT the only forces at work.
The history of science, of course, is fraught with controversy,
and it is important to bear in mind that the situation today is little
"In recent years the various space probes and astronomical
observatories have revealed unequivocal evidence of catastrophic forces
throughout the solar system including colossal electrical scarring on
the respective planets and their satellites, cometary impacts on planetary
bodies, the fall of Martian meteorites to Earth, and the ubiquitous effects
of plasma. Like a Tsunami looming over the horizon, this wave of new
scientific findings threatens to overturn everything you thought you knew
about the history of the Earth and its place in the solar system. And, as
is often the case with scientific revolutions, mainstream astronomers don't
even see it coming."
"Since the beginning of the Space Age, cosmologists and
geophysicists have made great strides in modelling the electromagnetic
environment of the earth in response to the solar wind
and other external features impinging on the earth, such as Near-Earth
Objects (NEOs) and, far less frequently, cometary intruders
into the inner solar system.
Our purpose is to consider how knowledge of this kind might aid our understanding
of traditional ideas about cosmology and the recent history of
the earth, as documented in the history of astronomy, cultural astronomy,
archaeoastronomy and certain classes of mythology and ancient ritual.
Aurorae, the zodiacal light and various transient atmospheric events have been
recorded throughout history.
"More and more people are beginning to understand that
modern academia has fabricated a loose assembly of falsitiesóa modern
mythology little better than the primitive ones at which we sneeróconcerning
the origins of humans on earth, languages, religions, ancient civilizations,
and the unsound psychological condition of mankind. Not because of the dictates
of 'sacred literature', not because of some mystical revelation does this
awareness begin to dawn, but because these unwieldy constructions cannot stand
the force of logic and critical thinking, because they fail to become integrated
into something meaningful that makes sense, and because they fail the simple
test of consistency."
A truly excellent forum for discussions of all things EU/PC related.
Subjects include: Electric Universe; Planetary Science; Net Talk;
Resources; Thunderbolts Picture Of The Day (TPOD); Future of Science;
The Human Question; and New Insights and Mad Ideas.
This is one of the most comprehensive forums on the web, and
is frequented by both the serious scientist and the layperson alike.
People of all levels of understanding are welcome and encouraged to
share ideas in an open and friendly environment. The Thunderbolts
Forum is a great EU/PC general knowledge enhancement tool.
In late 2007 I accepted an invitation to join the Thunderbolts Project as
Managing Editor of a new concept to replace the old "news and views"
section, now called Thunderblogs. We have drawn together a team of talented
commentators who will offer, in the words of David Talbott, "Timely
presentations of fact and opinion, with emphasis on new discoveries and
the explanatory power of the Electric Universe".
With laypersons, professionals and Guest contributions Thunderblog has become
a dynamic and varied source of commentary on many up-to-date happenings in
astrophysics, cosmology and related fields.